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Recent Court Ruling paves the way for many more Asbestos Insurance Claims

Asbestos: Court Ruling opens way for Insurance Claims

The United Kingdom Supreme Court has recently made a ruling which could allow thousands of insurance claims by families of people who have died after exposure to asbestos.

The UK court placed insurance liability at the time an employee was exposed to the asbestos and not when the symptoms appeared.

Some family members of workers who died of the cancer mesothelioma want to make claims on policies dating from the early 1940s.

A spokesperson from one insurance company stated that the ruling was not the outcome it had particularly wanted but welcomed the clarity it brought.

The Association of British Insurers welcomed the ruling, and blamed a small group of insurers for the legal battle.

The Supreme Court was asked to rule on the issue after judges in lower courts had failed to agree.

Victims families had a success in 2008, when the High Court said companies that had workers that had inhaled fibres in the past were liable.

But two years later the Court of Appeal confused matters by saying that in some cases liability was triggered when symptoms developed - which could manifest itself decades after exposure.

Lawyers said the appeal court ruling had left victim's families facing a certain amount of confusion and uncertainty.

The new ruling by a panel of five Supreme Court justices stated that the disease can be said to have been "sustained" by an employee in the period when it was caused or initiated. In other words, when the fibres were inhaled and not when the symptoms appeared.

One of the judges, Lord Clarke, said: "The negligent exposure of an employee to asbestos during the [insurance] policy period has a sufficient causal link with subsequently arising mesothelioma to trigger the insurer's obligation."

Unite, the largest trade union in Britain and the Irish Republic, welcomed the latest ruling, which it said will affect "many of the 2,500 people who are diagnosed with mesothelioma each year".

Unite's challenge was on behalf of the family of Mr Charles O'Farrell. Mr O'Farrell was a retired Unite union member who died of mesothelioma in 2003.

Commenting on the Supreme Court's decision, Unite general secretary Len McCluskey said: "It is a disgrace that insurance companies went to such lengths to shirk their responsibilities."

Mr O'Farrell's daughter said: "This is the right decision. I am delighted for all those families who have been awaiting this result.

She went on to add: "My dad worked all his life and was hoping to enjoy a happy retirement before mesothelioma took him away from us.

"There was never any question about who was to blame for my dads illness - all this long battle was about was insurers wanting to get out of paying."

The Director of general insurance and health at the Association of British Insurers, said: "The ABI and our members are committed to paying compensation as quickly as possible to people diagnosed with mesothelioma who have been exposed to asbestos in the workplace.

"We have always opposed the attempt to change the basis on which mesothelioma claims should be paid, as argued by those who brought this litigation.

"Today's ruling by the Supreme Court has confirmed what most in the industry have always understood - that the insurer on cover when the claimant was exposed to asbestos should pay the claim, rather than the insurer on cover when the mesothelioma develops.

Financial security

"This case has been pursued by a small group of insurers acting independently and at odds with the views of the majority of the United Kingdom insurance industry. For clarity, a "run-off" insurance company is a company which is no longer accepting any new business.]

One of the four insurance companies which contested the proposal to date liability back to the time of exposure to asbestos was Municipal Mutual Insurance Limited.

Municipal Mutual Insurance Limited issued a statement saying: "Whilst the ruling does not reflect MMI's favoured outcome, we welcome the clarity this judgment brings as it enables MMI to determine the extent of its liabilities and the available options for the future of MMI and its business.

"Municipal Mutual Insurance Limited participated in the joint action in order to determine the extent of the Company's insurance liabilities under policies it wrote in the period up to September 1992. This was the date the Company ceased writing new insurance business.

"Municipal Mutual Insurance Limited has continued to compensate local authority employers for Mesothelioma claims, despite not being obliged to pay out claims until the outcome of the case was known. The underlying claimants, in short, the victims of the disease who have received compensation from Municipal Mutual Insurance Limited have been paid in full and have not been disadvantaged in any way by the fact that this case was brought."

A lawyer representing the lead claimant in this case said the judgement provided "clarity, consistency and comfort" for the families of thousands of mesothelioma victims.

A spokesperson from Irwin Mitchell said: "This judgment means that the thousands of people who are yet to be given the devastating news that they have the deadly illness will at least know that their families can get access to justice and receive the financial security they so desperately need.

"But the sad fact is that many victims of mesothelioma who have been awaiting the outcome of this appeal may not have lived long enough to know if their families will now receive the compensation they deserve."

The spokeperson went on to say that asbestos-related disease caused more than 5,000 deaths every year.

The number of people affected by mesothelioma was still rising because of the time it can take for this illness to develop and was expected to peak around the year 2015, she added.

We provide consultancy services to advise and develop procedures on how best to handle asbestos fuses, personal protection, safe disposal of asbestos and prepare an asbestos monitoring report.

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